Light is the basic environmental element for plant growth. Light not only provides energy for plant growth through photosynthesis, but also serves as a regulatory factor for plant growth. By using artificial light as a supplement or sole light source, growers can promote plant growth, increase yield, improve plant morphology and color, enhance functional components, and reduce pests and diseases. Today, we will share with you the development trends of light industry in cultivation.
LED plant lamp have adjustable spectra and light intensity, low heat generation, good waterproof performance, and are suitable for various scenarios. At the same time, the constantly changing natural environment and human pursuit of food quality have promoted the booming development of facility agriculture and plant factories. The LED plant growth light industry has entered a period of rapid development. In the future, LED plant growth lights and outdoor plant lights will play an important role in improving agricultural production efficiency, food safety, vegetable and fruit quality, etc. With the specialization of the industry, the LED light sources of plant growth lights will be more targeted.
The key to significantly reducing the operating costs of plant illumination is light efficiency and energy efficiency. The dynamic optimization of the lighting environment based on the spectral requirements of plants from seedling to harvest is an inevitable trend in future precision agriculture. In terms of increasing production, plants can be cultivated in different light spectra and different stages in different areas according to their growth characteristics. This can improve production efficiency and yield. In terms of improving quality, nutrient content and other functional components can be improved through nutrient regulation and dimming.
It is estimated that 680 billion vegetable seedlings are needed, but factories can only provide less than 10% of the required quantity. The seedling industry has higher environmental requirements. The growing season is mainly spring and winter, and artificial industrial grow light is needed due to insufficient natural light. Plant lamp have higher input-output ratio and acceptance. Fruits and vegetables such as tomatoes, cucumbers, and melons need grafting. Special spectral illumination supplementation under high humidity will accelerate graft healing. LED has outstanding advantages in this regard. In the greenhouse, supplementary lighting for vegetable cultivation can compensate for the lack of natural light, promote plant photosynthesis, accelerate flowering and fruiting, and improve yield and quality.
Plant lighting requires a great demand for real-time control of light quality and quantity. With the advancement of intelligent control technology and the application of the Internet of Things, growers can adjust the quality and quantity of light output according to the growth status of plants in a timely manner through the coordination of a single spectrum and intelligent control system. This is an inevitable trend in the future of plant lamp technology.